The word acne comes from a Greek word that means “rash” or “film. ” It is a skin disease caused by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands. See AbbreviationFinder for all definitions about ACNE.
Excessive secretions from these glands, along with dead skin cells, cause a blockage in the hair follicle. Under the clogged pore, fatty secretions harbor the epidermal bacteria Propionibacterium acnes, which infects the pore and causes excretion of pus.
Acne usually appears on the face and back during puberty, as an abnormal response to the hormone testosterone. Over time, acne tends to decrease or even disappear.
In addition to hormonal activity, acne is partially inherited and can arise from stress, the accumulation of dead skin cells, the presence of bacteria in the pores, and exposure to high levels of chlorine.
Instead, there are factors that are often mentioned as causing acne but that, according to specialists, are not. Certain foods, like fried foods or chocolate, are high in fat and promote sebaceous secretions, which can make existing acne worse. In any case, various scientific studies affirm that they would not cause the emergence of the disease.
There are different types of acne based on the external appearance they have and when they appear. Thus, we find, for example, the so-called acne vulgaris, which is the one that occurs most commonly among adolescents and is characterized by the appearance of phonicles or pustules on the neck and face.
In the same way, we can also talk about premenstrual acne, which is the one that, as its name suggests, manifests itself on the face of the woman during the period before menstruation comes.
Another of the most frequent types is acne neonatorum, which is the one that every newborn presents and that appears especially throughout the first 72 hours of life of that newborn. And we can not forget the tropical acne that receives the name because it appears in the parts of the body that are considered more humid and warm, as would be the case of the buttocks or thighs, among other things.
The most common treatment usually be acne skin exfoliation, which can be established through an abrasive cloth or by some chemical method with acid salicylic or glycolic acid. Other treatments include bactericides, antibiotics, and hormonal treatments.
In this sense, we cannot forget either that there are various treatments or home remedies against acne, as would be the case, for example, with daily application of aloe vera gel grains or a few drops of lemon juice.
Garlic, cucumber, oatmeal, carrot or even alcohol itself are other products that are used to carry out the home treatment of acne problems as established by those known as “grandma’s remedies”.