What is Slave?
Slave is a person who is deprived of liberty and human rights, being treated as a commodity .
The word slave derives from the Latin sclavus which at the time of the Roman Empire referred to those who had no legal capacity. They generally referred to the Slavs, being the main medieval source of slaves.
Slavery, that is, the condition to which the slave is subjected, is already contemplated and described in ancient Roman law.
The reasons why someone became a slave in the Roman Empire are as follows:
- Being held captive by war
- Be legally sold by another person, for example, father to his children or debtors to creditors.
- Being sentenced to death and sent to work in the mines.
- Being accused of carnal treatment of a slave after being notified a third time.
- To be accused of ingratitude when being released as a slave, falling into this condition.
The English translation of slave is slave , for example: “The slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms “, which translates into Spanish as “The slave trade must be prohibited in all its forms.”
Who were the slaves?
Slavery was an institution extended to several continents despite not being considered as slave societies, since it was not a central institution in the organization of these societies.
The commercialization of people, prior to the arrival of Europeans in the 15th century to Africa, India, and America, occurred on a very small scale, and although war was the main source of enslavement, it was used as a way of attending to reasons social like the payment of debts, judicial punishments, protection against attacks, etc.
At the time of the Roman Empire, the Slavs were the ones who were commonly taken as slaves. From the 15th century onwards, the Dominicans in Spain, who wanted to protect the Indians from slavery, suggested to the Spanish Crown the importation of blacks to use as slaves.
In the year 1595, the Portuguese regularized this business through import licenses to America. The slaves were mostly from Guinea, Senegal, and the Congo.
The extension of slave trading also began to take people from tribes originating in America and poor immigrants who came to the continent fleeing from absolutist regimes in Asia, as is the case of the Chinese in southern Peru and northern Chile.
The Slave Book
The slave is a book written in 2002 by the Mexican author Francisco J. Ángel, who writes under the pseudonym Anand Dílva.
The slave tells the story of a man in a vegetable state who is aware of what is happening around him but unable to communicate.
The protagonist addresses the issues of self-improvement and the importance of living taking advantage of life through the internal conflict that occurs when he realizes that his family decides to disconnect him from the machines that kept him alive.