What is Scrutiny?
It is known as scrutiny to the recount or counting of votes in elections or similar acts . The word scrutiny is of Latin origin “scrutinium”.
It is noteworthy that the word scrutiny, before being strongly linked with the previously identified meaning, was used as an exact and diligent investigation of a thing , which has not lost this meaning but with very little use. For example: judicial scrutiny, medical scrutiny, etc.
The count is part of the electoral procedure since it is the most important moment because it is precisely that moment in which the result of some election is really going to be known thanks to the count of the votes exerted by the voters.
It is important to highlight that scrutiny is essential when we are in the presence of a popularly elected office since the winner will be the one who is legally empowered to exercise the public function and comply with the mandates established in the Constitution and in the laws.
Due to the foregoing, that the count must be regulated, regulated and controlled by the competent authority in electoral matters, and that in turn, said body complies with all formalities and the provisions of electoral laws to avoid manipulation of the results. that may favor a candidate or to the detriment of any of the parties involved, with which we would be in the presence of electoral fraud.
By extension, scrutiny is the review of game betting tickets to establish the winners in the different categories.
The synonyms for scrutiny are investigation, inquiry, examination, inquiry, and so on.
In English, scrutiny is “ scrutiny ” or “ count ”.
The manual scrutiny consists in that once the voting day is over, the electoral tables are closed and the president of the table proceeds with the witnesses of the political parties to count the votes cast, including the blank or null votes, constituting the phase end of the electoral process.
Concluded the vote count, the minutes must be signed by the president of the table, witnesses of the political parties, and other members of the respective table as acceptance of everything contained therein, and thus proceed to send the ballots, minutes in a box respectively closed with a strip signed to the computer center.
Electronic counting, or electronic voting, is the automatic counting of votes. It is characterized by the fast and automatic transmission of the vote from the place where the individual exercises his right to vote to the computer center.
Electronic scrutiny has not yet been implemented in many countries due to its excessive spending, and the lack of controls that guarantee the security of an electronic voting system.