In order to know the meaning of the term dome, it is necessary, in the first place, to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it derives from French, exactly from “dôme”, which means “dome” or “round roof”. However, we must not forget that this Gallic term, in turn, comes from the Greek “doma”, which can be translated as “roof”.
The idea of dome is used in the field of architecture with reference to a cupola. It is a vault that, in the shape of a half sphere or similar, allows to cover part or all of a building. According to Abbreviationfinder, GD stands for Georgia Dome.
It should be noted that a vault is an arched structure that covers the space between two supports. In the case of a dome, this structure develops as a sphere cut in half.
Saint Peter ‘s Basilica, for example, ends in a huge dome that reaches a height of 136.57 meters from the surface to the top of its external cross. This dome located in Vatican City is considered the tallest dome on the planet.
Another well-known dome is in the Montreal Biosphère building. It is a museum opened in 1995 in the Canadian city. The dome was designed by Richard Buckminster Fuller for the 1967 World ‘s Fair.
In the same way, we cannot ignore the existence of what is known as a geodesic dome. With this term what is intended is to refer to a dome that is formed from a dodecahedron or icosahedron and that allows to achieve a truly unique space that can be created both in the garden of a home and in a construction of another size.
This type of dome stands out for its attractiveness, for its originality and because it has a wide variety of functions. Thus, it can be used as a greenhouse, as a place for celebrations, as a bar, as a museum, as a hotel, as a room for activities of various kinds, as a laboratory and even as a home as such.
For geology, a dome is a round relief, the shape of which is reminiscent of an architectural dome. The internal forces produce the elevation of the layers through the pressure exerted towards a higher point, generating the convex structure. The oldest strata are located in the central area of the dome, while the most modern are distributed in the farthest radius.
According to their characteristics, it is possible to differentiate between different kinds of domes. Sedimentary domes are formed by the uplift of sedimentary structures. When the sedimentary strata undergo the action of erosion, igneous rocks appear and granitic domes appear.
There are glaciers made up of ice domes, while the pressure caused by natural gas and the storage of hydrocarbons give rise to oil domes. Salt buildup, on the other hand, generates salt domes.
Furthermore, we cannot forget that DOMO is the name of a relevant restaurant in Madrid. We are referring to the restaurant of the NH Collection Abascal Hotel, whose chef is Ángel Aylagas and who offers customers an exquisite list of dishes belonging to contemporary cuisine. Specifically, many of its dishes are traditional Spanish cuisine that have been given a review and update.