The Latin term colloqui (“talk”, “confer”) derived in colloquium, which has come to our language as a colloquium. The concept refers to the conversation between two or more people. For example: “A discussion between the club leaders ended with the dismissal of the coach”, “After a brief discussion, Juan and María decided to leave the room”, The manager and his accountant began a discussion upon hearing the news “.
Another use of the notion of colloquy is linked to the meeting that allows a matter to be discussed, with the participation of a limited number of people. In this sense, colloquium can be associated with a round table, conference, panel or debate. Those who participate in the colloquium exchange opinions and experiences, in view of an audience: “I have been invited to participate in a colloquium with other businessmen”, “Yesterday I attended a colloquium of specialists on climate change and learned many things about nature”, “The scientists who were part of the colloquium were dissatisfied with the limited state support”.
According to DigoPaul, one of the most traditional colloquiums in Latin America is the Colloquium of IDEA (Instituto para el Desarrollo Empresarial de Argentina), which has been held for more than 45 editions and in which well – known companies and political leaders have participated.
It is important to bear in mind that the colloquium in a business or academic environment involves a series of preparations that clearly differentiate it from a spontaneous conversation. For the organization of any debate or colloquium, a basic structure must be respected, consisting of three well-defined parts, essential so as not to overlook the main points and so that the relevant order is maintained during its development:
* preparation: the first step when planning a discussion is to choose a topic to be discussed and carry out a thorough investigation of it, with the aim of getting as much information as possible. Next, a person should be appointed moderator to ensure that communication is carried out in an orderly and respectful manner and that conversations do not deviate from the main subject. Finally, the invitations are sent to the participants by the corresponding means;
* development: the discussion begins with an introduction to the topic by the moderator, who must clearly establish its limits to avoid losing the focus of the conversation. Once the presentation is over, each participant proceeds to present their opinion;
* conclusion: finally, the moderator should briefly summarize the main points of the presentation and, if it was successful, indicate the conclusion reached by the participants.
It is worth mentioning that the role of the person in charge of moderating a discussion is essential, since they are in charge of various tasks that spin the event from beginning to end: they present the topic; they ask for explanations about various points; invite the participants to present their points of view on several occasions; they control at all times that there is a general agreement regarding the communication guidelines and the validity of the information; they maintain order, preventing interruptions and arguments.
The participants of a colloquium are not mere guests to a meeting, but make essential contributions, given that: they contribute new data and explanations to the information presented at the beginning; they offer their point of view, which leads to new conclusions; They can freely oppose the ideas of others, politely stating the reasons for their disagreement and encouraging an exchange of views.
“The colloquium of the dogs”, on the other hand, is the name by which one of the most famous exemplary novels of the Spanish writer Miguel de Cervantes is known. The name derives from the definition of colloquy associated with a genre of literary composition in the form of dialogue.