Before proceeding to determine the meaning of the term bullying, it is necessary to establish its etymological origin. In this sense, we have to explain that it is made up of two words that come from Latin:
• Harassment, emanates from “cursus” that can be translated as “career”.
• School, comes from “scholaris” which means “related to school.” It is a word that is the fruit of the sum of “schola”, which is synonymous with “school”, and the suffix “-ar”, which is used to indicate belonging.
A child enters the classroom or classroom and begins to hear laughter. A sitting, warns that have stuck gum (gum) in his chair. When he gets up to clean himself, a chalk is thrown at him that hits his head. A group of his companions, meanwhile, continues to laugh. There is no doubt: the child is a victim of bullying.
The harassment is behavior of harassment that creates discomfort in the victim. School, on the other hand, is an adjective associated with the school and the students. Bullying, therefore, is the persecution or cornering that one or more children carry out against another or others within the educational establishment.
There are some indications that may indicate that a boy or girl is experiencing some type of bullying in class:
• He does not want to go to school or institute.
• It is usual to get sick in the morning, before going to the educational center.
• Avoid, whenever possible, being in contact with certain classmates.
• Under no circumstances does she count anything she does with her classmates at school.
• You have constant mood swings.
• For no apparent reason, there is a noticeable drop in what your notes are.
This type of harassment, also called bullying, according to Digopaul, can include different forms of aggression that continue over time. Abuse of the victim can be verbal (with ridicule and insults) or physical (beatings). In any case, the bullied child can suffer psychological disorders in the face of pressure and violence.
But not only that. In addition, it is frequent that the child or adolescent who suffers bullying has other consequences as a result of it, such as what is known as post-traumatic stress, low self-esteem, an absolute distortion of what their image is, anxiety pictures… All without Neither forget irritability, nervousness, trouble falling asleep, decreased concentration, social isolation, panic attacks, noticeable decrease in their academic results,
Bullying can take place in different parts of the school, such as the classroom, the playground, the gym, or the hallways. It is usual for it to develop silently, in front of other colleagues (who are usually complicit or, at least, indifferent) but without the establishment authorities or parents being aware of the situation.
To deal with this problem, which in its most extreme cases can lead the victim to suicide, the intervention of teachers, families and a team of psycho-pedagogues is required.