The acidosis is a disorder caused by excessive presence of acids in tissues and blood. It is possible to distinguish between metabolic acidosis and respiratory acidosis.
According to Digopaul, metabolic acidosis occurs when the increase in hydrogen exceeds the body’s excretory capacity, causing a removal of bicarbonate from liquids. All the disorder originates from increased acid production, caused by ketoacidosis or lactic acidosis.
Within this type of metabolic acidosis, we can thus establish that there are various types of it:
Lactic acidosis. It receives this name because it originates as a result of an accumulation of what is known as lactic acid, which is what is created in red blood cells and muscle cells. Specifically, among the most frequent causes that give rise to a person suffering from the aforementioned pathology are hypoglycemia, alcohol, heart failure, cancer, severe anemia or carrying out exercise forcefully for an important period of time..
Hyperchloremic acidosis. A significant loss of sodium bicarbonate from the body is one of the main reasons that leads to an individual suffering from it. Specifically, it can originate from severe diarrhea.
Diabetic acidosis. An accumulation of ketone bodies during diabetes is how we can define what is also known by the name of diabetic ketoacidosis.
Respiratory acidosis, on the other hand, appears when carbon dioxide is not normally eliminated during respiration, generating a greater presence of circulating carbonic acid. The cough, the breathlessness, the lethargy and irritability are symptoms of respiratory acidosis, which can be caused by bronchial asthma, lung infections (pneumonia), sleep apnea, ribcage deformities or muscle paralysis.
Acidosis can lead to acidemia, which is when the blood has a lower than normal pH. PH is a measure of the acidity or basicity that exists in a solution, calculating the concentration of hydrogen ions or cations. Under acidosis, the subject presents an increase in the concentration of hydrogen emissions.
Another disorder linked to acid in the body is heartburn, produced by an excess of acid in the stomach that generates a burning sensation in the esophagus and a pleasant taste in the mouth. Heartburn is the regurgitation of gastric acid that can be generated by foods and beverages such as coffee, chocolate, and spicy ingredients.
When any medical professional can diagnose that a person is suffering from some type of acidosis, they will necessarily have to resort to various tests such as, for example, an arterial blood gas test. Thanks to that you can diagnose that you have this pathology and also the class of it that is, which will mean that based on those elements you can establish the most suitable treatment. And it is necessary to go to the doctor to tell a treatment because acidosis involves a serious risk.